Part IV:
                 Senior plant manager Michael Imaino joined Fuku-Bonsai in 1983 and has become the curator of the Fuku-Bonsai exhibit collection and the Hawaii State Bonsai Repository, a director of Fuku-Bonsai Inc., and the president of the non-profit Mid-Pacific Bonsai Foundation.  Michael is leading the training of a unique Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa) that was propagated from a cutting in 1983, the same year Michael joined Fuku-Bonsai. It had been grown in about 8"-12" of media on top of a plastic sheet barrier since 1992.  For a detailed report of how the tree got to this stage,  go to:     The following is a summary of the work done to date: 
3rd FB master training 1.jpg (28770 bytes)
        I.   FEBRUARY 10, 2001
        Michael led this staff class session to teach the basics of collecting trees. A trench around the base revealed that most of the roots were close to the trunk (except for one major root about 6" in diameter which was cut with a chain saw). Without the plastic sheet barrier, the roots would have traveled in all directions and it would have been difficult to dig it out.
         From left:  Dennis Maeda, Cliff Tanaka, Edison Yadao, Michael Imaino, & William Keiki.
3rd FB master training 3.jpg (13016 bytes)           At the end of the workshop overly long growth was removed and the ends sealed with petroleum jelly. Plywood and a plastic sheet supports and protects the root system raised up about 12" above the lowest part of the main trunk. In the back, a gallon can that had top and bottom removed and the side slit serves as a temporary dam to hold media covering the cut end of the large root. The tree is secured tightly as any shaking will damage new roots. The tree had been in the ground for nine years, longer than planned and it had gotten larger than desired.
3rd FB master trng II.  1.jpg (20113 bytes)
         II.   OCTOBER 13, 2001
        The second major training session was also a Bonsai Day with visitors participating.  As the photo shows,  the tree has recovered strongly! The tree is about 5' from end to end.  Leaves are about 6" long and new growth points are developing all over.  In allowed to overgrow, new branches that are in good positions will become the major parts for the future structural shape.
3rd FB master trng II.  14.jpg (16828 bytes)       It was decided to lift the base of the trunk to create a more exciting future design.  Edison is watering it down with a gentle spray and this photo allows viewing the other side.   Which side will be the front?  We don't know and all effort is to create an exciting tree that will be interesting from any side!

       NOTE:  Even at this very early stage of training, it was recognized that the base of the trunk and the major roots were going to form the basis for the future shape. By lifting those portions and allowing more media below, strong root growth was encouraged.

3rd FB master trng III.  1.jpg (20479 bytes)



III.  JUNE 8, 2002

        Eight months after the previous training session,  sixteen months after digging up the tree, and about 19 years after we began a 3" rooted cutting, we began the third training session again on another Bonsai Day at the Fuku-Bonsai Cultural Center. The training continued under Mike's lead with Edison Yadao and Cliff Tanaka assisting.

3rd FB master trng III.  10.jpg (18506 bytes)         During this third major training session, it was realized that the long "elephant trunk-like trunk" was so heavy that it would be very difficult to obtain a suitable pot.  It was decided to lift up the base of the tree so the "elephant trunk" would be almost vertical as that would allow a reasonable size square or rectangular pot. When the session over, there's a nice feeling of success.  But it's hard to smile as we still had to move it to it's growing-on location AND IT'S HEAVY!



                For the next four years, the tree was allow to grow wild.  Two years into this period, sections of the "box-tower" began to be removed.  Sections of 6" diameter plastic pipe was sawed so two pieces could be taped together to form a cylinder for the roots to continue to grow.  Black plastic sheet was wrapped around the roots.  A new wood support frame support the tower of roots.  During the four years, we had no idea of how many roots had developed.


                The Fuku-Bonsai Cultural Center is a public bonsai collection and as such, the bonsai tend to be older and larger.  This tree was pre-trained prior to being ground-planted to create a heavier tree. But things got hectic and by the time we were able to dig it up it had grown a lot more than planned!  Even by standing it up to fit into a smaller pot, it was still huge.  But then we noticed that the bottom part of the tree which was farthest from the roots had begun to grow more slowly.  Leaves became smaller and growth was more compact compared to the parts nearer to the roots.  

                We began to notice that if the heavy "elephant trunk" section was removed, that we'd have a more interesting attractive tree and that we'd have an easier time obtaining a suitable pot.  We discussed it for the next six months and when the decision was finally made, Michael set some air-layers to salvage the compact sections.  

        IV.  MAY 13, 2006

        BEFORE:  View of left side:  Notice that the parts of the tree nearest the roots are growing vigorously with large dark green leaves while the lower section have smaller compact growth. If trees grow unevenly, prune the portion of the tree that is growing vigorously more often and the other parts will catch up.   

        BEFORE;  View of front:  The tree was growing very strongly and the large elephant trunk continued to thicken to about 5" in diameter!  The weight of the trunk was tilting the tree. The support was beginning to fail and the tree was twisting and threatened to topple! The new branches on the upper section have developed well but there's really no way to disguise or improve that long "elephant trunk."
        BEFORE: View of right side:  The tree was really off-balance and with the weight of the "elephant trunk" it was going to take a very long time before the roots became strong enough to hold up the tree.  More and more it seemed that the "elephant trunk" has got to go. So air-layers were placed on the lower sections and a few months later it was time for a major styling session!
        The photo shows a large number of roots had developed.  Three different air-layers were made. The original tree will become a large bonsai and perhaps the removed sections will be planted together as part of a rocky landscape companion accent one day.
        Michael removed the first air-layer and in just a few minutes all three were removed.
        With the support braces still on, Michael cut through and removed the elephant trunk section.  
        With the supports removed, it was necessary to hold the tree up as it was leaning over a lot. Note the "elephant trunk" section removed lying across the bottom of the container measuring about 5" in diameter.  
        Michael holds the tree up near to the planned height with the help of a 2x3 wood support. At this point, the roots are much smaller than needed and after realizing it will take a number of years, a sturdier support system was constructed.

         We considered styling the tree as a more traditional tropical cascade in a deep round pot but opted to strive for a tree with a dramatic shape and story.

        The supporting container consists of two pier block forms in a 2'x3'x8" deep plastic tub.  The bulk of the weight of the tree sits on a two-legged 2x3 support with the roots primarily inside two 6" diameter plastic pipes that had been previously slit for easy future removal.  


        Every significant bonsai should have a name and a story to explain how the tree developed,  to serve as a guide for refining and completing the styling of the tree, and to help suggest the tree's  personality.

        This was really once a large heavy- crowned banyan tree that sat squarely on top of a hill surveying his kingdom. He was a proud tree with a bit of arrogance and lorded over the trees below.  Then catastrophe struck!

        A hurricane toppled the tree and threw it down against the side of the hill!  Flood waters wore down most of the hill and exposed the roots.  A large portion of the tree died and rotted away. The proud tree had a strong spirit of life and over the years one section kept surviving, dying back, but regrowing each time.

        In overcoming adversity, the personality of the tree steadily changed. Perched atop tall exposed roots, with an unusual form, it now reaches out to greet friends and visitors.  The tree is named:  


                   "HUMILITY!"  is now 23 years in training and it may take another twenty years or more before the roots become strong enough to hold up the tree. Bonsai are like people.  Each person is a unique individual that is the sum of his or her genes, environment and the accumulation of life experiences.  A handful of bonsai trees have unique shapes created with non-traditional plant stock that may have begun as an accident or an unusual idea. 

                    In the past 50 years, Hawaiian bonsai has drastically changed.  The first and second generation used traditional Japanese trees and followed Japanese single apex-tier branched structures.  My third generation began more extensive training of tropical bonsai trees in tropical tree forms.  We studied especially the banyan trees and the Fuku-Bonsai Logo Tree and the Entry Tree represent these efforts.

                    At Fuku-Bonsai, our collection is large and there is a standard that with the exception of memorial trees in the Hawaii State Bonsai Repository and trees that have an educational purpose, there can be only one tree of a plant variety on each "style."  This guide encouraged the study of Chinese penjing and a full exploration of tropical styling.  Trees with unique potential are very rare and if it happens that we have two outstanding trees of the same plant variety and same style,  under our guidelines one has to be made available for trade, or for sale.  The alternative is to create a "sub-style" or a unique new style!   

***   Go to Fuku-Bonsai Home Page     *** Continue to next section      May 2006
***   Go to Mail Order Information      Fuku-Bonsai Inc.
Phone (808) 982-9880;  FAX (808) 982-9883;   E-mail: