In June of 2011, we were comfortable that we had adequately explored the Introductory Workshop Package and the quality of the 4LL8 Potted Bonsai had improved. 

       There were requests for more challenging workshops and we developed INTERMEDIATE WORKSHOP II which consisted of three major item:  1)  A 4LL8 Potted Bonsai in either Sumo, Roots, or Hawaiian Dragon styling,  2) a True Indoor Bonsai Handbook, and 3) a #8 Conversion Kit (or optional #9 Premium 1:10 Conversion Kit).  The Introduction to Workshop II is at
        To up-pot the 4LL8 Living Lovable SUMO with a #8 Conversion Kit was straight forward and has been successful with the overwhelming majority of those who have taken the workshop here at the Fuku-Bonsai Cultural Center or those who order Workshop II (Sumo). This is just a bit more challenging than the Introductory Workshop Package and is still high-success for those with no bonsai experience provided they read the informational materials carefully and email if the have questions.    The educational sequence is posted at: 
          To elevate a 4LL8 Living Lovable ROOTS with a #8 Conversion Kit is significantly more difficult and this is not recommended for those with no bonsai experience.  The use of aluminum foil collars to extend roots is a Fuku-Bonsai innovation and to be successful it is necessary to have optimum growing conditions.  There are mixed reports and those who attempt to extend roots in the northern stages who grow True Indoor Bonsai report very slow root development.  Roots is posted at: 
          Improving a 4LL8 Living Lovable HAWAIIAN DRAGON is reasonably successful if you want to just enlarge the upper part of the tree that we call "Top Dragons."   But it becomes much more complex when you try to also create twisty-turny roots and we call these "Top and Bottom Dragons" and this is our most difficult category --- especially if you utilize a permanently installed "wire armature" within the root system to create the most complex styling!  This is not recommended for those without a fair amount of bonsai experience.  It is posted at:


                In May of 2013, just a month short of two years,  this is how the trees have grown.  It has been a very hectic time and the SUMO and ROOTS trees did not get any special attention, care, or any pruning. The foil on both the SUMO and ROOTS were not removed.  Two years ago, we did not make air holes in the foil and roots tended to drop outside the foil.  This may be good for those wanting aerial roots.  But we believe that the roots inside the foil do not thicken as quickly.

                The HAWAIIAN DRAGON has developed the most.  With the foil tight and no air holes, a few aerial roots dropped down outside the foil.  This was a tree trained over a wire armature.  The foil was removed and the "exposed roots" to be strongly twisted.  The square plastic collar was removed and a tapering root buttressing was shaped.  The new aerial roots were wrapped around in a parallel root swirl. To hold the new roots tightly in place,  aluminum foil was folded over to create a 5-6 layer strip about 1/2" wide.  This was wrapped around the new roots with a double wire that was twisted tight with a pliers. 

                It was decided to move each of these three plants into shallow 12" diameter x 1.25" deep saucers in the 1:10 Project concept.  The sequential photo report are in the following links and constitute some advanced concepts.

***  Go to Advanced 1:10 Project SUMO Report
***  Return to May 2013 issue of Journal of Tropical & True Indoor Bonsai
***  Go to Mid-Pacific Bonsai Foundation home page
***  Go to Fuku-Bonsai home page
         Mid-Pacific Bonsai Foundation and Fuku-Bonsai, 2013